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Hedging: a Tool to Make Your Essay Academic

August 14th, 2015 No comments

academic writingAcademic writing has a variety of linguistic means and today we are going to examine one of them in detail. There are times when the writer has to use a so called tentative language which is per se an unassertive way of making claims and interpreting ideas so to say. This way the author sounds less categorical regarding borrowed opinions and general facts. This linguistic tool is called hedging and is applied in academic writing in order to distance oneself from stating uncorroborated facts. As a result, besides its formality, hedging is an impersonal construction devoid of pronouns “you”, “we”, “I” etc. It is rather significant for it has several types and can be widely used.

Hedging with verbs

The verbs “to appear” and “to seem” are put to use whenever it is necessary to relieve oneself of responsibility for the stated words.

It seems that people finally understand the problem of global pollution and start to take action.
It appears that the news reports are talking about the same thing today.

The profit of the company seems to be growing.

The cyclone appears to be changing.

This way the assumptions sound quite dependable because they create the impression of being based on trustworthy sources. However, they don’t seem too absolute in case they turn up to be wrong.

You could also use the modal verb “would” to make everything even more distant.

It would seem that his siblings also claim an interest in property.

It would appear that officials haven’t made a decision yet.

The joint-stock company would seem to be preparing for selling its shares.

They would appear to have troubles with paying taxes.

Hedging with noun phrases

It is natural that noun phrases with a tentative meaning are applied in this kind of hedging because they have the same purpose as the previous type of the academic writing tool..

There is little chance that this candidate will win this year elections.

There is some doubt on the subject of educational reforms as it is a very serious step.

There is no evidence that this politician has committed a crime.

There is a substantial percentage of people who take medication without prescription.

Hedging with the passive

The passive voice is a well-known means of reporting with a distinct pragmatic meaning. It is the perfect construction to hedge in academic papers.

It is widely recognized that the future depends on the Net generation.

It is believed that the cause of the fire wasn’t accidental.

It is not known if the judge has made his decision in favour of the accused.

It has been shown that the findings of the research are very crucial for the science world.

Obviously, all the above mentioned ways of hedging make writing academically “decorated” and they are to be used when it is essential to render facts in an ambiguous perspective.

Why Do I Write an Essay?

August 14th, 2015 No comments

writing“Why do I have to write an essay? Why is it an essay? Why me?
sounds familiar, does it? Essay writing has always been a kind of challenging and tiresome assignment for the students of all academic levels. Taking into account the fact that usually the essays are used as an easy-to-apply method to test students’ analytical and writing skills, fluency with the written language, as well as literacy, the task usually causes unrest in the college masses. Moreover, for the students, who are having difficulties with just a simple constructing of a small paragraph, the essay writing turns into a real disaster. As a rule, these students don’t have the slightest idea of what they are actually doing. They consider an essay as a part of the academic torture that the tutor has invented for them personally. In other words, they write with zero purpose.

The Essay Purpose – What Is it for?

When the focus is on the essay purpose, it is usually defined as a solid reason why you’re writing the paper. Discovering the essay purpose is one of the basic challenges you will have to handle. Most often, there is one or more of the following essay purposes: to entertain, to inform, to analyze, to call the target audience to action, to argue, to recommend, to change certain attitudes, to persuade, etc. Knowing the right purpose of your essay is a tricky thing. However, you may be lucky enough if your instructor specifies what kind of project she’s expecting from you. But when you’re facing the freedom to work on the essay of any type, you may have difficulties while identifying the right purpose. The tips listed below will guide you through the process and help you to come up with the essay purpose.

Purpose #1: to Inform

When your essay must inform you readers on a certain matter, you have to provide your readers with information that they do not have. Thus, your number one task is to name the facts, not provide your personal viewpoints on the subject. As an example of the informative essay, one may name the paper that is focused on how to buy a house. If you’re going to perform an essay research, make sure to take information from the trustworthy resources only.

Purpose #2: to Persuade

Are you writing to persuade? In such case your aim is to make your readers take an action (or have a strong desire to take it) – based exclusively on what you have written. For instance, you may persuade your readers to vote for your campaign in your essay.

Purpose #3: to Explain

When you are required to write in order to explain, your task is to help your target audience get an idea of a situation or a process. As an example of the essay of this type one can name the essay on how to organize a birthday party for a kid. However, if you’re asked to provide explanations on any issue, make sure to choose the one that you’re well aware of.

Purpose #4: to Entertain

This is a great chance to give your reader a stunning emotional experience. Among the most successful essays written for an entertaining purpose the ones dedicated to the most embarrassing moment in your life or the most unusual journey you have ever had. Knowing the purpose of the essay will make your path less rough.

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Emphatic Structures in Argumentative Essay

June 30th, 2015 No comments

machina logoWorking on an argumentative essay for the college or university task? Or, perhaps, you know that an argumentative essay will be the part of the exam? In any case, you, as the author of the project, would probably like to add some emphasis to the essay content. There are various ways of how one can add emphasis to the argumentative essay. For instance, you can make use of the forms described below in order to emphasize your statements while expressing your viewpoints on the subject, making some well reasoned suggestions, disagreeing, expressing frustration and so on.

“It was” or “It is” construction…

As a rule, when we see the sentences that are introduced by the constructions “It was” or “It is”, it is usually because the author wants to put emphasis on a certain object or subject. Then the relative pronoun goes, right after the clause that is called introductory. For instance: “It was she who broke the window. It is the cold rainy weather that calms her down.”

“What” sentence introduction…

When there’s a clause starting with “What”, it is also used by the writers in order to put emphasis on a certain object or subject. The clause that is introduced with the help of “What” is applied at the sentence subject as is followed by “to be”. For instance: “What she says isn’t useful for kids. What they crave for is a skillful assistant.”

Strong emphasize with “Do” and “Did”…

You have surely dealt with the auxiliary verbs “Do” and “Did” that, as everyone tends to believe, do not have positive meaning. For instance: “She visited the museum. NOT She did visit the museum.” But the fact is that once you need to strongly emphasize some aspect these auxiliary verbs can be easily applied. For instance: “Alexander did meet Angelina. I do believe that we all can go to Paris next year.” Remember that this form is usually used in order to state that something is opposite to the beliefs of the other individual.

Inversion…

In general, inversion in English argumentative essays can be used in questions. In all the other cases, the use of inversion is usually optional. Besides, the writers must be careful when dealing with it in order to avoid overusing since in such case inversion can sound too strange. It is an obvious thing that the number one purpose of inverting verbs and subjects is to put the direct emphasis on what the author finds the most crucial segment of the sentence at a particular time. Typically, inversion takes place either after certain sentence patterns (for instance, no sooner than) or some lead words (for instance, nor, never).

Passive constructions…

In this case the author is about to emphasis not who did it, but what actually happened. For instance: “All words about the wedding have been said by the guests. This hotel room will be booked by a famous rock star.”

Fronting.

When the question is about using fronting in an argumentative essay, the author usually changes the order of the sentence words to start with a cause that typically never comes first. For instance: “Where he took this money from, I have no idea. Difficult as it may seem, it is not the hardest task to cope with.”

How to Write a Good Essay

June 8th, 2009 No comments

Today we are looking at how to write a good essay. Simply start with the topic and begin to brainstorm ideas that will enable you to work on the essay. Following that, determine which idea is the best option, and develop an outline that includes an Introduction, Body, and Conclusion. Your introduction will include what your paper will be about and encourage your audience to read on through the information presented. The body of your paper will include background information on your subject or topic, current information, related information, and research you developed. Your conclusion will list off the key-points of your essay and make the closing statements, but should not include new information not already present in the paper. Read more…