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Repetition in Writing Is Bad. So, Let’s Call It “Parallelism”

December 16th, 2015 No comments

stylistic devicesParallelism is a special tool that is used to make some of the moments in literature both – alluring and memorable. Make sure to know all the points that make parallelism such a crucial and powerful device.

Have you ever wondered why some of the quotations are easier to keep in mind than the others? Why some of the speeches leave more significant impact than the ones delivered by the other people? Just take a look at the famous speech of Martin Luther King – “I Have a Dream”. Just read the following: “‘I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today?

Without a doubt, you do not remember the speech from A to Z, but you may know some of its parts, as well as the ultimate point that King’s speech was famous for. To cut the story, the success of the King’s speech is due to its part that includes a fantastic use of parallelism. When the matter concerns parallelism, the question is about a special literary device, in which the sentence segments are grammatically the same or are pretty similar in its construction. It can be any phrase, word or even the whole sentence that can be repeated. The widely known “I have a dream” repetition from the King’s speech turns the speech into a rhythmic and charming piece, as well as never-to-be-forgotten.

The classification of repetition is maintained in accordance with the compositional patterns. There are actually nine different patterns but we will discuss several of them within the frames of repetition.


This is what they call anaphoric repetition or the repetition of any phrase or any word that is placed at the beginning of several consecutive sentences (better for her, better for him). Rather often the anaphoric repetition is used in poetry than in the prose.


When it comes to epiphora, the matter relates to the epiphoric repetition, which is the kind of repetition, when the same phrase or the same word is placed at the consecutive sentences end. This literature tool contributes even more to the rhythmic organization of a speech since the intonation increases and there’s solid identity at the sentences final position. A good example of epiphora can be viewed in the famous TV series “Dr. House”, when Dr. Wilson says: “I’ve gottа be your dаmn conscience. I’m tired of being your conscience. I don’t enjoy being your conscience” to his colleague.


Framing is considered a kind of repetition that is built in the form of a frame, that is to say – the syntactical unit initial parts, usually in a paragraph and are repeated right at the paragraph end.

Chain repetition

“They strangers, and we strangers; they a pair,

And we a solitary pair like them.” (William Wordsworth). That’s the example of what they call chain repetition. This kind of repetition is used to smoothly develop logical reasoning. In other words, the writer is actually arranging a thread of a couple of successive anadiplosis.

In conclusion it can be said that all exiting kinds of repetition have their own emotional loading that sometimes is supposed to cause strong emotions, in other words – to make emotions arise subconsciously.

Irony as a Stylistic Device in Essay

June 8th, 2015 No comments

funny street signsIrony is one of various rhetoric devices and literary techniques that are used by the writers and artists in their professional activities. There are tons of various definitions regarding what irony actually is, but the most popular one states that irony is a speech figure that serves as a incongruity or contradiction between what is expected and what actually happens.

In general, there are three types of irony used within an academic essay. Let us explore the basic aspects of each irony type.

Verbal Irony

This is the case when irony is used through words to mean something that is completely different from what an individual says. The most recognizable type of verbal irony is called sarcasm that enables an individual to say exactly the opposite to what she means, usually for a comedic effect.

This kind of irony is used intentionally in the conversations, where an individual aims to be understood as meaning something that differs from what her words actually mean. For instance: “Oh, I can’t wait to read the five hundred page book for the literature lesson” This is the example of the verbal irony that is used in order to express someone’s frustration.

Dramatic Irony

The dramatic irony is usually used in various works of art such as books, films, plays and poems. As a rule, it occurs when the audience knows something that the characters have no idea of. In a narrative essay that tells a story about a detective trying to reveal who’s the criminal leader of the city, the readers already know that it’s his partner.

Situation Irony

When dealing with this type of irony, the author faces a certain discrepancy between the things that are expected to happen and that actually happen at the end. Situation irony is always there when the exact opposite of what you’re waiting for, happens.

However, situation irony is a great tool to bring tragedy into the essay. As readers, we usually expect that a man will feel grief once he finds out that his wife has died in a car accident. However, you, as the author, can create the situation, in which a widower feels sort of relief, when he gets to know his couple if dead. While his wife treated him right and was in love with him, he was confined by their relationship, and her death brought him a strong sense of freedom. This is exactly the opposite of what the readers usually expect – the situation irony as it is.

To Use or Not to Use?

If you’re faced with the question whether it is appropriate to use irony in your essay or not, make certain to ask yourself – “what is the purpose of my writing?” If you’re required to advocate for some common clauses, or to evaluate the subjects that are familiar to you, this is where judicious irony will come handy. Who knows, maybe your ironic points will be something that your reader will remember for years?

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How to Write a Good Essay

June 8th, 2009 No comments

Today we are looking at how to write a good essay. Simply start with the topic and begin to brainstorm ideas that will enable you to work on the essay. Following that, determine which idea is the best option, and develop an outline that includes an Introduction, Body, and Conclusion. Your introduction will include what your paper will be about and encourage your audience to read on through the information presented. The body of your paper will include background information on your subject or topic, current information, related information, and research you developed. Your conclusion will list off the key-points of your essay and make the closing statements, but should not include new information not already present in the paper. Read more…