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Racism Essay: The Key Causes of Racism

June 30th, 2015 No comments

There’s no need to state that racism is unacceptable and that it may have a lot of effects on a human being. Everyone knows that racism can not only destroy the self-esteem of a person, but also make him want to take revenge. Victims of racism get angry and face with the whole range of consequences of improper treatment. And while the consequences of racism can be seen here and there, one should take into account the basic causes of this phenomenon in order to avoid conflicts that sometimes can be dreadful.

The first cause can be related to the instinctive reaction for the protection of species. It’s not a secret that we tend to get closer to the people, who are similar to us in appearance and behavior. It’s natural for us to feel the danger when our culture, family or territory may be harmed by something or someone. That is why racism is a natural reaction of a human being when he is eager to protect everything mentioned above. Any element that happens to be completely strange for a particular group of individuals is automatically considered as inferior.

Fear… It’s natural for us to have a strong desire to keep our kind under protection. This, in turn, means that we are afraid of losing anything that makes us who we are (status, job, possession, territory, etc.). We have a strong fear of being simply replaced by anyone who is considered more significant than our own identity. The very moment we are replaced by someone, who is seen more appealing, we get a strong feeling of unworthiness. Fear is one of the most significant causes of racism today, especially when the question is about threatening of what is called the human rights.

One of the factors that may cause racism is ignorance. If a human being grows up constantly doing the same thing as everyone around, it is considered absolutely right even when it is seen to be morally wrong by the other individual, who does not have the same viewpoints. A group of people will never consider their actions as wrong for the reason that they see their actions and morally appropriate. In order to prevent the ignorance of this kind, one should be aware of his actions and what kind of consequences they may bring. As long as our ignorance continues to grow, racism won’t disappear.

Racism may be caused by lack of self-love. As a rule, people, who have a strongly pronounced racism treatment towards the others, appear to have no self-esteem and self-love. That is why he makes sure to throw all of his bitterness onto the other people, who seem to be weaker. When you truly love yourself and appreciate who you are as an individual, you appreciate everyone around. Racism grows from the strong feeling of being deprived of certain opportunities, being worthless and victimized. As a result, the person is looking for some scapegoat in order to get a quick feeling of superior. It’s not a surprise that usually the racist turns to be far weaker that his victim.

A cause of racism cannot be called a social act. It’s nothing but an individual act, which means it can be eliminated only by changing individual actions towards the other human beings.

Emphatic Structures in Argumentative Essay

June 30th, 2015 No comments

machina logoWorking on an argumentative essay for the college or university task? Or, perhaps, you know that an argumentative essay will be the part of the exam? In any case, you, as the author of the project, would probably like to add some emphasis to the essay content. There are various ways of how one can add emphasis to the argumentative essay. For instance, you can make use of the forms described below in order to emphasize your statements while expressing your viewpoints on the subject, making some well reasoned suggestions, disagreeing, expressing frustration and so on.

“It was” or “It is” construction…

As a rule, when we see the sentences that are introduced by the constructions “It was” or “It is”, it is usually because the author wants to put emphasis on a certain object or subject. Then the relative pronoun goes, right after the clause that is called introductory. For instance: “It was she who broke the window. It is the cold rainy weather that calms her down.”

“What” sentence introduction…

When there’s a clause starting with “What”, it is also used by the writers in order to put emphasis on a certain object or subject. The clause that is introduced with the help of “What” is applied at the sentence subject as is followed by “to be”. For instance: “What she says isn’t useful for kids. What they crave for is a skillful assistant.”

Strong emphasize with “Do” and “Did”…

You have surely dealt with the auxiliary verbs “Do” and “Did” that, as everyone tends to believe, do not have positive meaning. For instance: “She visited the museum. NOT She did visit the museum.” But the fact is that once you need to strongly emphasize some aspect these auxiliary verbs can be easily applied. For instance: “Alexander did meet Angelina. I do believe that we all can go to Paris next year.” Remember that this form is usually used in order to state that something is opposite to the beliefs of the other individual.

Inversion…

In general, inversion in English argumentative essays can be used in questions. In all the other cases, the use of inversion is usually optional. Besides, the writers must be careful when dealing with it in order to avoid overusing since in such case inversion can sound too strange. It is an obvious thing that the number one purpose of inverting verbs and subjects is to put the direct emphasis on what the author finds the most crucial segment of the sentence at a particular time. Typically, inversion takes place either after certain sentence patterns (for instance, no sooner than) or some lead words (for instance, nor, never).

Passive constructions…

In this case the author is about to emphasis not who did it, but what actually happened. For instance: “All words about the wedding have been said by the guests. This hotel room will be booked by a famous rock star.”

Fronting.

When the question is about using fronting in an argumentative essay, the author usually changes the order of the sentence words to start with a cause that typically never comes first. For instance: “Where he took this money from, I have no idea. Difficult as it may seem, it is not the hardest task to cope with.”

Irony as a Stylistic Device in Essay

June 8th, 2015 No comments

funny street signsIrony is one of various rhetoric devices and literary techniques that are used by the writers and artists in their professional activities. There are tons of various definitions regarding what irony actually is, but the most popular one states that irony is a speech figure that serves as a incongruity or contradiction between what is expected and what actually happens.

In general, there are three types of irony used within an academic essay. Let us explore the basic aspects of each irony type.

Verbal Irony

This is the case when irony is used through words to mean something that is completely different from what an individual says. The most recognizable type of verbal irony is called sarcasm that enables an individual to say exactly the opposite to what she means, usually for a comedic effect.

This kind of irony is used intentionally in the conversations, where an individual aims to be understood as meaning something that differs from what her words actually mean. For instance: “Oh, I can’t wait to read the five hundred page book for the literature lesson” This is the example of the verbal irony that is used in order to express someone’s frustration.

Dramatic Irony

The dramatic irony is usually used in various works of art such as books, films, plays and poems. As a rule, it occurs when the audience knows something that the characters have no idea of. In a narrative essay that tells a story about a detective trying to reveal who’s the criminal leader of the city, the readers already know that it’s his partner.

Situation Irony

When dealing with this type of irony, the author faces a certain discrepancy between the things that are expected to happen and that actually happen at the end. Situation irony is always there when the exact opposite of what you’re waiting for, happens.

However, situation irony is a great tool to bring tragedy into the essay. As readers, we usually expect that a man will feel grief once he finds out that his wife has died in a car accident. However, you, as the author, can create the situation, in which a widower feels sort of relief, when he gets to know his couple if dead. While his wife treated him right and was in love with him, he was confined by their relationship, and her death brought him a strong sense of freedom. This is exactly the opposite of what the readers usually expect – the situation irony as it is.

To Use or Not to Use?

If you’re faced with the question whether it is appropriate to use irony in your essay or not, make certain to ask yourself – “what is the purpose of my writing?” If you’re required to advocate for some common clauses, or to evaluate the subjects that are familiar to you, this is where judicious irony will come handy. Who knows, maybe your ironic points will be something that your reader will remember for years?

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