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Essay Sample on 6 Solid Facts about Nutrition

January 28th, 2016 No comments

healthy foodsIf you’re about to bring some changes into your everyday menu, you will be surprised by the fact that usually common sense is absent when it comes to nutrition. Sad but true, all kinds of myths and unexpectedly weird misconceptions are deeply rooted into the modern society. Moreover, even the so-called experts tend to spread nutrition facts that are completely misleading.
Here are 10 nutrition facts that should be considered by the healthy lifestyle fans:

There’s no need to eat every 3 hours in order to lose weight.

According to the latest investigations, more frequent and smaller meals have no particular effect on human’s health, as well as on fat burning. Studies have shown that eating every 3 hours is pointless for most individuals. What experts say is that you have to eat whenever you feel like, but the foods must be both – nutritious and healthy.

Meat rots in your colon – false!

Experts prove that human’s body is actually able to both – absorb and digest all nutrients that come from meat. Stomach acids help to break the protein down, while powerful digestive enzymes will break down everything else in the small intestine. Then, all nutrients, fats and proteins are transferred directly into the human body. In other words, there’s nothing that can rot in your colon.

Most cereals do not meet the national nutrition standards.

Bad news for parents: the majority of cereals manufactured for the little ones contain more sugar, calories and salt (as well as less protein and fiber) than the other cereals available nowadays.

More sugary drinks – more fat!

Sugar, sugar, sugar is everywhere and the fact that now it has a liquid form as well makes the situation even worse. The problem with sugary drinks is that human’s brain does not compensate for the calories through consuming less of the other meals. This means that our brain doesn’t ‘register’ all of these calories. Overall, this makes you consume more calories.

Eating in accordance with the rainbow colors is healthy.

Remember, the more colors are there in your plate, the more important nutrients you provide your body with. The yellows, reds, greens, blues and oranges of vegetables and fruits – all these are a must for a healthy diet.

Cholesterol is your friend?

Well, not an enemy at least. What we used to call ‘cholesterol’ is not cholesterol at all. When the conversation is about ‘good’ and ‘bad’ cholesterol, people actually mean proteins that transport cholesterol all over the organism. From now on, keep in mind that cholesterol is not what you’re supposed to be afraid of. What can increase the risk of a heart disease is the type of lipoproteins that spread cholesterol all over the body, but not cholesterol as you’ve thought before!
Eating healthy is the habit that one should stick to, but more important and useful for human organism is not getting panic stricken when the question is about nutrition. Be sober-minded.

References:

Jacobson, Howard; Campbel, T Colin. Whole: Rethinking the Science of Nutrition. BenBella Books, May 7th 2013
Fuhrman, Joel. Super Immunity: The Essential Nutrition Guide for Boosting Your Body’s Defenses to Live Longer, Stronger, and Disease Free. HarperOne, September 20th 2011
Price, Catherine. Vitamania: Our Obsessive Quest For Nutritional Perfection. Penguin Press, February 24th 2015
Dina, Karina; Rick Dina. The Raw Food Nutrition Handbook. Healthy Living Publications 1st 2015
Hart, Jolene. Eat Pretty: Nutrition for Beauty, Inside and Out. Chronicle Books, February 25th 2014
Pollan, Michael. In Defence Of Food: The Myth Of Nutrition And The Pleasures Of Eating. Penguin Press, January 31st 2008
Anding, Roberta H. Nutrition Made Clear. The Teaching Company, January 1st 2009

How to Prepare a Distraction Free Writing Workplace

January 28th, 2016 No comments

prepare workplaceAsk any student or freelancer what their biggest problem is when it’s time to deal with the daily to-do list, and the answer you will most likely hear is constant distractions. Distractions are everywhere! The cat needs to be taken to the vet. Emails should be answered immediately. The mobile phone doesn’t stop ringing. What you are in need of to keep away from all this chaos is a workplace free from distractions: the place, where you will have an opportunity to dive deep into the working process and forget about the outside world. So, the question is – how to organize a distraction-free zone?

Step #1: Find an Ideal Office Space

While plenty of students get their academic work done on a kitchen table, in the middle of the living room or somewhere else, stealing a few minutes here or two hours there when the rest of the family is busy with the other stuff, it’s definitely not an efficient way to cope with tasks. It’s time to find a place of your own. Of course, the question is not about finding a separate apartment (that you will have to find funds to pay for). A spare bedroom will make a perfect home office, where one can totally focus on studying. The point is that one should create a place where one knows he/she is engaged in studying when inside.

Step #2: Minimize or Eliminate Distractions in the Visual Range.

Of course, just working in a comfortable room with the door shut won’t keep your from the whole bunch of distractions. Your computer is the real hot-bed of distractions ready to suck your precious time away. First, start with blocking out certain sites like Facebook or Twitter. Consider installing LeechBlock into your browser. It will let you block social networks for specific periods of time.

Step #3: Move Any Book as Far from Your Place as Possible.

Sooner or later we all get stuck in the moments, when our concentration is broken. And if there’s a book at hand, we will most likely start thumbing through it. Unless you need a book or two to complete your assignment, it’s required to remove magazines or books and thus, to eliminate distractions.

Step #4: Keep Natural Light but Mind the View

Natural light is an integral part of building a healthy working environment. But the fact is that a hooking view from the window will most likely have you staring onto the crowded street or into a beautiful garden when the work gets hard. That is why your laptop screen should be the only and the most interesting point to look at. But when it’s time for a short coffee break, a peek out of an open window to get some fresh air will help your get more energy to finish the task.

Do not forget to close all of your email applications as well and checking them only once or twice a day – late morning or late afternoon. Nothing bad will happen if you do it. Remember, people never expect to get an immediate answer to whatever they request.

Sample Essay on How to Present Yourself Effectively

January 27th, 2016 No comments

successful entrepreneursAccording to the recent researches, 60%-90% of communication is nonverbal. It means that the role of the body language in both – academic and business areas is extremely important. Moreover, it’s especially crucial to make an excellent first impression. The thing is that within the first 5-10 minutes of meeting someone, people are ready to make decisions regarding what the other individual’s intentions are and whether doing business with this person is the right thing.
Here are some useful body-language recommendations on how to present yourself the most favorable way.

Speak up Early to Be Taken Seriously

If you realize you hang back in the middle of conversation, hoping to offer your viewpoint only somewhere at the end of the meeting, you will most likely be ignored. That is why speaking up early is a good thing to do, even if the topic is not earthshaking. Thus, you will present yourself as someone, who has a clue. Then later, when it’s time to present your suggestions, you will be well-received.

Use Your Hands

This will help you to gesture as you speak and thus – be more credible in the eyes of the listeners. Furthermore, experts state that gesturing with your hands while delivering a speech greatly improves one’s thinking abilities.

Look the Other Person in the Eye

Keeping direct eye contact by looking into the individual’s eyes when you’re talking is the rule that cannot be ignored. This simple action proves you’re interested in what the conversation is about. However, make sure to be aware of your eye contact. In case you don’t take regular breaks in order to get ready with your next answer, people may think you’re staring at them.

Do not Fidget in front of the Audience

Fidgeting will make you look uncertain and prove that you lack in confidence. Even though conferences put individuals into pretty stressful environment, it’s highly required to exert every effort not to show it. Never play with your nails or hair, don’t tap your feet while delivering a certain message to the others.

Back up in order to Boost Cognitive Control

The researchers of the Radboud University of Netherlands have found that backward motion is a great technique to boost cognitive control. The investigation showed that in a particularly hard situation stepping back (yes, do that literally!) helps to enhance human’s ability to cope with it.

Laugh

There’s no better way to show that you’re listening to what the others say, as well as to lighten the mood. But make sure to do that only when appropriate.

Keep Your Arms Relaxed.

Keep them at your sides to demonstrate you’re ready to absorb what someone else is talking about. Also do not cross your arms – it looks to the others as if you’re trying to defend yourself.
End the meeting with a solid eye contact and firm handshake. This way you will let your colleagues know you’re satisfied with the progress and hope to meet once again.

References:

  • Pease, Allan. The Definitive Book of Body Language. Bantam, July 25th 2006
  • Kinsley Carol. The Nonverbal Advantage: Secrets and Science of Body Language at Work. Berrett-Koehler Publishers, May 1st 2008
  • Mehrabian, Albert. Nonverbal Communication. Aldine, February 28th 2007
  • Barnett, Gina. Play the Part: Master Body Signals to Connect and Communicate for Business Success. McGraw-Hill, June 19th 2015
  • Hartley, Linda. Somatic Psychology: Body, Mind and Meaning. Wiley, August 13th 2004
  • Beattie, Geoffrey. Visible Thought: The New Psychology of Body Language. Routledge, March 10th 2004
  • Draper, Michael. How to Analyze People: Analyze & Read People with Human Psychology, Body Language, and the 6 Human Needs, October 29th 2015

Essay Sample on 5 Solid Facts about Nutrition

January 23rd, 2016 No comments

healthy eating quotesIf you’re about to bring some changes into your everyday menu, you will be surprised by the fact that usually common sense is absent when it comes to nutrition. Sad but true, all kinds of myths and unexpectedly weird misconceptions are deeply rooted into the modern society. Moreover, even the so-called experts tend to spread nutrition facts that are completely misleading.

Here are 10 nutrition facts that should be considered by the healthy lifestyle fans:

  • There’s no need to eat every 3 hours in order to lose weight.
    According to the latest investigations, more frequent and smaller meals have no particular effect on human’s health, as well as on fat burning. Studies have shown that eating every 3 hours is pointless for most individuals. What experts say is that you have to eat whenever you feel like, but the foods must be both – nutritious and healthy.
  • Meat rots in your colon – false!
    Experts prove that human’s body is actually able to both – absorb and digest all nutrients that come from meat. Stomach acids help to break the protein down, while powerful digestive enzymes will break down everything else in the small intestine. Then, all nutrients, fats and proteins are transferred directly into the human body. In other words, there’s nothing that can rot in your colon.
  • Most cereals do not meet the national nutrition standards.
    Bad news for parents: the majority of cereals manufactured for the little ones contain more sugar, calories and salt (as well as less protein and fiber) than the other cereals available nowadays.
  • More sugary drinks – more fat!
    Sugar, sugar, sugar is everywhere and the fact that now it has a liquid form as well makes the situation even worse. The problem with sugary drinks is that human’s brain does not compensate for the calories through consuming less of the other meals. This means that our brain doesn’t ‘register’ all of these calories. Overall, this makes you consume more calories.
  • Eating in accordance with the rainbow colors is healthy.
    Remember, the more colors are there in your plate, the more important nutrients you provide your body with. The yellows, reds, greens, blues and oranges of vegetables and fruits – all these are a must for a healthy diet.
  • Cholesterol is your friend?
    Well, not an enemy at least. What we used to call ‘cholesterol’ is not cholesterol at all. When the conversation is about ‘good’ and ‘bad’ cholesterol, people actually mean proteins that transport cholesterol all over the organism. From now on, keep in mind that cholesterol is not what you’re supposed to be afraid of. What can increase the risk of a heart disease is the type of lipoproteins that spread cholesterol all over the body, but not cholesterol as you’ve thought before!Eating healthy is the habit that one should stick to, but more important and useful for human organism is not getting panic stricken when the question is about nutrition. Be sober-minded.

References:

  • Jacobson, Howard; Campbel, T Colin. Whole: Rethinking the Science of Nutrition. BenBella Books, May 7th 2013
  • Fuhrman, Joel. Super Immunity: The Essential Nutrition Guide for Boosting Your Body’s Defenses to Live Longer, Stronger, and Disease Free. HarperOne, September 20th 2011
  • Price, Catherine. Vitamania: Our Obsessive Quest For Nutritional Perfection. Penguin Press, February 24th 2015
  • Dina, Karina; Rick Dina. The Raw Food Nutrition Handbook. Healthy Living Publications 1st 2015
    Hart, Jolene. Eat Pretty: Nutrition for Beauty, Inside and Out. Chronicle Books, February 25th 2014
  • Pollan, Michael. In Defence Of Food: The Myth Of Nutrition And The Pleasures Of Eating. Penguin Press, January 31st 2008
  • Anding, Roberta H. Nutrition Made Clear. The Teaching Company, January 1st 2009

Change Your Handwriting the Easy Way

January 23rd, 2016 No comments

handwritingDoes your handwriting style look like the one of a stereotypical doctor? Does your elementary school niece have a more readable writing than you? Bad quality handwriting can affect both academic and professional life, making you feel embarrassed. Instead of letting it become messy, you should find out how to improve your handwriting through the ways provided below.

Examine Your Handwriting

Open a notebook and make sure to carefully write the whole alphabet from A to Z. This will help you to reveal your weak and strong points. Do you make your O’s look like Q’s? Do some letters seem to have the wrong form? Highlight the letters that you have the most trouble with and work on improving the way you write them. Do you notice that your handwriting slopes forward or backwards? Conventionally, the handwriting should slope a bit forward in order to guide the reader in the direction he’s reading.

Train the Correct Muscle Groups

Usually people, who have poor handwriting style, simply have never tried training particular groups of muscles in their shoulders, arms and hands. Make sure you don’t “draw” the letters with your palm, but write them by moving your arm right up to the shoulder. The easiest way to practice this is to write not on the paper, but in the air with your finger. Thus, all the muscle groups in your shoulder and arm will work. This in turn will enhance your handwriting and it won’t look messy anymore.

Start Slowly

Focus on writing the letters shaping them well. Once you can produce the best looking ones, you will have an opportunity to keep your handwriting style attractive, while speeding the process up. Mind that the letters should have an equal size.

Imitate the Handwriting You Admire

If there’s a particular handwriting style you wish to adopt, make sure to get some tracing paper and imitate it. The point is, the more you copy it, the easier it will be to adopt all of the elements you especially admire and use them in your own script. Keep the page with the handwriting you like in front of you for inspiration.

Switch from Typing to Handwriting

Even though living in a digital era has many advantages, ensure to pass up the option to type the letter to your friend or an academic essay, and instead write the work with your hands. Switching to handwriting will be the number one practice that will enable you to change your handwriting style for the better. It may require more time, but the results will be pretty impressive!

Practice Regularly

Give yourself enough time to use your handwriting. Make sure to do it daily using the so-called journal. Simply write on what happens in your everyday life or what feelings you’re getting through at the moment.

This should help you. These simple tips will soon help you achieve your goal and shape your handwriting the way you want it.

How to Present a Thesis Statement in an Essay

January 14th, 2016 No comments

coffee notes

Whether you’re working on a research paper or a short essay, the thesis statement will require the most of your time and knowledge to formulate. An efficiently written thesis statement shows clearly what the purpose of the paper is and also functions to assert control and structure of the whole argument. In case your essay lacks strong thesis statement, it will most likely be weak and uninteresting.

Make Sure to State Your Thesis Correctly

This piece of essay puts into words the argument you would like to make in the project. It is similar to the road map since it provides your readers with the direction of your analysis and how you are going to interpret the subject importance. In other words, a clearly written thesis statement gives the most precise answer to the question, ‘What is the essay about?’

Being Specific Is a Must

The thesis statement of the essay must be limited to what can be written in a specified number of project pages. Polish your topic in order to get right to its core. Being specific here means to create a top-class paper in contrast to writing about general issues.

Thesis Must Include Your Comment on the Issue

The thesis statement of the essay must be used to not only reveal the topic, but to also show up what position you, as the author, stick to in relation to the topic. To cut it, instead of stating and re-stating some general facts about a subject, make certain to decide what you have in store to say.

Avoid Quoting

Instead of using somebody else’s words, ensure to include yours. Generating a memorable and unique thesis statement will hook the readers and make a distinct impression on them. You will most likely lose trustworthiness as a writer in case you copy-paste instead of crafting your own text. Grab your audience with your own words.

Know the Right Place for the Thesis Statement

Taking into account the role that the thesis statement plays, it must be placed directly at the beginning of the essay (typically, at the end of the 1st paragraph). However, even though the thesis statement is usually placed at the end of the essay’s first paragraph, its location also depends on the length of the essay or the introduction part.

Thesis Statement Should Include 1-2 Sentences

Since thesis statement of the essay must be to-the-point and clear, it should include no more than one or two sentences. This will help your readers to easily identify the topic and direction of the essay, and your viewpoint on the subject.

Keep to the Rigid Structure

This will help you to keep your thesis statement within the acceptable length and will provide you with a clear view of how the whole structure looks. The thesis of the essay must include two parts: a clear topic and a short summary of what you’re going to say.

A perfectly created thesis for the essay is the reflection of perfectly crafted ideas. It is the proof that the author of the essay is committed, intelligent and credible.

Sample Essay on Smartphone Zombie Syndrome

January 14th, 2016 No comments

phone addiction Walking in the streets, while looking at smartphones and simultaneously bumping into other people seems to be already a part of everyday life of many. It’s hard to believe how many times per hour a typical ‘Smartphone zombie’ checks his Facebook, shares photos via Instagram, opens up email and just surfs on the web! However, bumping into the others is not the worst to happen. Sometimes the phone addicts get hit by the bus and that’s when the story ends.

Physical injuries are one of the impending threats of texting and walking. As said by the Tokyo Fire Department, in 2013 a record number of ‘Smartphone zombies’ – 36 – were hospitalized because of a pedestrian accident. According to the experts of the department, 26 of these individuals were staring at their devices when the collision happened. The good news is that most of these mini- catastrophes ended with minor bruises. But the fact is that the death by a smartphone is by no means unusual anymore.

Having your nose stuck in your phone means you’re missing the best moments in your life. Your reformed rock dad was definitely right, when saying that rock shows were better in 1980’s since the fans really paid attention to what was happening on the stage and sang along, and jumped in a crowd instead of holding their devices in the air. Just stop taking those crappy photos and enjoy the day!

Fooling around with your smartphone, while your professor delivers an important lecture is complete waste of time. How can you have one of those a ha! moments in the class and get an ‘A+’ if you turn every minute into an excuse to check what’s going on online?

A lot of head-down cult representatives confess they would rather give up TV than mobile devices. Smartphone culture becomes so deep-rooted in our lives that we tend to refuse making real-life contacts. We find it better to communicate with the others via Facebook or MySpace than to look into their eyes directly. As well as being a real pain in the neck, being absorbed by a Smartphone means getting reluctant to face-to-face communication and real life in general. In other words, cyber space becomes a sort of a substitution for love, friendship and any kind of personal or business relationship.

Smartphone zombies are getting more and more selfish, experts say. The situation is getting worse and worse. Checking social network for new ‘likes’ may seem more important for a typical zombie than looking here and there, when walking in the street. That is why you may see a ‘walking smartphone dead’ aggressively shouting at a stranger, he has just walked into because of distracted walking.

Although you might feel so tempted to check your Facebook inbox or Instagram feed (just like we all do) every spare moment, make sure to keep your device in your pocket when crossing the road or while you’re driving a car. Better safe than sorry, you know.

References

  1. Linshi, J. This Texting-While-Driving Study Will Make You Afraid to Drive, Time, June 7, 2015.
  2. Gregoire, C. Are You Addicted To Your Smartphone? This Scientific Test Will Show You, The Huffington Post, June7, 2015.
  3. Ishfaq, Ahmed. Mobile Phone to Youngsters: Necessity or addiction. African Journal of Business Management, 5(32), 2011.
  4. Tomasovic, N. Advantages and Disadvantages of Mobile Phones: The Smartphone Generation, Blog.udemy.com, June 18, 2015.
  5. Ilyas, Sara. Look out! Here Come the iPhone Zombies, the Guardian, October 4, 2015.
  6. Harwood, J., Dooley, J. J., Scott, A. J., & Joiner, R. Constantly Connected–The Effects of Smart-Devices on Mental Health. Computers in Human Behavior, 34, 2014.
  7. Morrison, S., & Gomez, R. Pushback: The Growth of Expressions of Resistance to Constant Online Connectivity, 2014

Sample Essay “How New Physical Education Programs Differ from the Old Ones?”

December 16th, 2015 No comments

football players on a fieldAs the level of physical activity among kids has become lower in recent years, the little ones have become more overweight and of course, less fit. In order to turn this trend around, some fitness experts believe, PE classes must be reorganized so there’s more emphasis on various fitness activities, instead of team sports. So, in terms of kids’ health benefits, how far have we progressed over the last twenty years?

Beginnings

In Colonial times, no physical education programs existed due to certain hardships settlers incurred in America. In 1776, the first gymnastics lessons were brought to America by the immigrants from Europe. But in contrast to what we have nowadays, early American physical education was concentrated mainly on writing, reading and arithmetic. Moreover, it wasn’t a part of a school curriculum till the moment, when the Civil War was over.

Mid 20th Century

It was President Eisenhower, who set the President’s Council on Physical Fitness. The recommendations described in it included providing more equipment, time and staff for physical education instruction in the country’s schools. The typical activities included 600-yard run or walk, the broad jump and softball throw.

Late 20th Century

There was no improvement in PE in 1970s. However, by the middle of 1980s, the school fitness elements included pull-ups, sit-ups and flexed-arm hangs, as well as one-mile run or walk. Nowadays, these physical activities have been strengthened greatly to match the modern PE programs.

Early 21st Century

At the beginning of the 21st century, the majority of states did not require any specific time to be spent in PE classes. According to the journal ‘Education Next’ (edition 2006), from 1991 to 2003, the number of high school students in the United States participating in everyday physical education classes dropped from 42% to 28%. Comparing it to the present days, it is important to mention that in accordance with the recent studies, secondary and middle schools all over the country devote too little time in their curriculum to PE. As for the everyday physical education programs among the grades from 6 to 12, they are simply almost non-existent.

Helping little kids and youth find enjoyment, success and self-confidence in what is related to their physical strength and abilities is crucial. The physical education personnel must provide instructional experiences that involve students and require them to be engaged in the most appropriate ways. The programs of physical education segment should enable the high school students to set goals, make serious decisions, solve the severest problems, as well as demonstrate the most important learning outcomes.

Experts say that now there is still no special measure that can be used to evaluate the PE programs quality, despite the variety of standards set by the US Heart Association and National Association of Sport and PE. The experts suggest that all these standards leave a lot to be desired.

References
Dauer, Victor P., and Robert P. Pangrazi. 1983. Physical Education for Elementary School Children.Minneapolis: Burges Publishing Company.
Massengale, John D. and Richard A. Swanson, ed. 1997. The History of Exercise and Sport Science.Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1997. “Guidelines for School and Community Programs to Promote Lifelong Physical Activity Among Young People.” Journal of School Health 67: 202–219.
Van Dalen, Deobold, and Bruce L. Bennett. 1971. A World History of Physical Education, Cultural, Philosophical, Comparative. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1999. Physical Education for Lifelong Fitness, the Physical Best Teacher’s Guide. Windsor, ON: Human Kinetics.
Ontario Physical and Health Education Association. 2000. Health and Physical Education Curriculum Support: Kindergarten to Grade 10. Toronto, ON: Ontario Physical and Health Education Association.
Internicola, Dorene. Physical Education: How Innovative School Programs Can Boost Kids’ Fitness, Reuters, February 9, 2015.

7 Steps to a Perfect Summary of Your Research Paper

December 16th, 2015 No comments

writing the essayTo accomplish a research paper perfectly one should take some essential steps. Doing a thorough research summary is an integral part of the process. In order to complete a perfect summary, one first should get the paper done. Then, check all of key ideas, and pack them into a short document.

Review Your Report

The best way to start working on the research paper summary is by conducting a detailed review of the project. As you dig deeper into it, make sure to extract the key ideas. In case you have organized your research project with headings and sections, the work will go faster and easier. When you focus on the main ideas of the report, stick to the essence of the idea to limit the point. If not, you will get drawn in an endless sea of information and your summary will turn into a mess.

Do the Literature Review

Go on with the literature review. Make certain to list down the most important arguments taken from the literature that has been reviewed in the research project, whether they support or go against the paper you’re summarizing.

Provide a Thesis Statement

If you want to create a perfectly-written summary, this is a must. Make certain to produce a thesis statement that clearly claims what you’re willing to achieve through your paper.

Follow Three Key Requirements

When working on a summary for your research project, there are three basic requirements to write in accordance with. First, the summary must cover the original as a whole. Second, this piece of text should be a condensed extract. And finally, the summary must be presented as the filtered and brief version of the material, discussed with your own words.

Provide the First Draft

Adjust the length of the first draft in accordance with the content order of the paper and how you’re going to use the summary later. Make sure to write about the methods, hypotheses and the results first, then go on to the introduction and discussion.

NEVER Make Unnecessary Remarks

Keep away from unnecessary and pointless remarks that have nothing to do with the research paper content while writing summaries. Do your best to write only on what is included in the project and, more importantly, keep to the point.

Put Your Opinion Aside

There is no need to provide your own points of view on the research paper. Keep in mind that you are not working on the position paper, but on a research paper summary.   

When you get to the research paper summary writing point, there are two things you should remember. The first is the importance of being brief. In case you give too many details, your reader will most likely lose his/her motivation to proceed to the full version of the project. Second, use the terms that require no explanation since any sort of extra definitions will only make your summary too long.

Repetition in Writing Is Bad. So, Let’s Call It “Parallelism”

December 16th, 2015 No comments

stylistic devicesParallelism is a special tool that is used to make some of the moments in literature both – alluring and memorable. Make sure to know all the points that make parallelism such a crucial and powerful device.

Have you ever wondered why some of the quotations are easier to keep in mind than the others? Why some of the speeches leave more significant impact than the ones delivered by the other people? Just take a look at the famous speech of Martin Luther King – “I Have a Dream”. Just read the following: “‘I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today?

Without a doubt, you do not remember the speech from A to Z, but you may know some of its parts, as well as the ultimate point that King’s speech was famous for. To cut the story, the success of the King’s speech is due to its part that includes a fantastic use of parallelism. When the matter concerns parallelism, the question is about a special literary device, in which the sentence segments are grammatically the same or are pretty similar in its construction. It can be any phrase, word or even the whole sentence that can be repeated. The widely known “I have a dream” repetition from the King’s speech turns the speech into a rhythmic and charming piece, as well as never-to-be-forgotten.

The classification of repetition is maintained in accordance with the compositional patterns. There are actually nine different patterns but we will discuss several of them within the frames of repetition.

Anaphora

This is what they call anaphoric repetition or the repetition of any phrase or any word that is placed at the beginning of several consecutive sentences (better for her, better for him). Rather often the anaphoric repetition is used in poetry than in the prose.

Epiphora

When it comes to epiphora, the matter relates to the epiphoric repetition, which is the kind of repetition, when the same phrase or the same word is placed at the consecutive sentences end. This literature tool contributes even more to the rhythmic organization of a speech since the intonation increases and there’s solid identity at the sentences final position. A good example of epiphora can be viewed in the famous TV series “Dr. House”, when Dr. Wilson says: “I’ve gottа be your dаmn conscience. I’m tired of being your conscience. I don’t enjoy being your conscience” to his colleague.

Framing

Framing is considered a kind of repetition that is built in the form of a frame, that is to say – the syntactical unit initial parts, usually in a paragraph and are repeated right at the paragraph end.

Chain repetition

“They strangers, and we strangers; they a pair,

And we a solitary pair like them.” (William Wordsworth). That’s the example of what they call chain repetition. This kind of repetition is used to smoothly develop logical reasoning. In other words, the writer is actually arranging a thread of a couple of successive anadiplosis.

In conclusion it can be said that all exiting kinds of repetition have their own emotional loading that sometimes is supposed to cause strong emotions, in other words – to make emotions arise subconsciously.